Comparative in vitro activities of daptomycin, linezolid, and quinupristin/dalfopristin against Gram-positive bacterial isolates from a large cancer center

/Comparative in vitro activities of daptomycin, linezolid, and quinupristin/dalfopristin against Gram-positive bacterial isolates from a large cancer center

Comparative in vitro activities of daptomycin, linezolid, and quinupristin/dalfopristin against Gram-positive bacterial isolates from a large cancer center

2017-10-19T14:43:37+00:00 July 1st, 2005|

Abstract
Our objective was to evaluate and compare the in vitro activity of daptomycin, linezolid, and quinupristin/dalfopristin against clinical bloodstream isolates of Gram-positive pathogens from a large cancer center in the Northeastern United States. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined for daptomycin, quinupristin/dalfopristin, and linezolid against 258 isolates; bactericidal activity was evaluated using time-kill experiments against 14 representative pathogens. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci represented the largest proportion of bacteria tested (32% of the isolates), followed by methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (23%), and vancomycin sensitive enterococci (14%). Against staphylococci, the MIC90 was 1 microg/mL for both daptomycin and quinupristin/dalfopristin and 4 microg/mL for linezolid. Against enterococci, the MIC90 for both daptomycin and linezolid was 4 microg/mL and was 16 microg/mL for quinupristin/dalfopristin. The quinupristin/dalfopristin MIC90 for Enterococcus faecium was 2 microg/mL. Two enterococci were linezolid resistant and remained susceptible to daptomycin. In vitro time-kill studies found daptomycin to be rapidly bactericidal against the majority of organisms tested, killing 99.9% of bacteria within 6 h. Quinupristin/dalfopristin was bactericidal against staphylococci and bacteriostatic against most enterococci. Linezolid was bacteriostatic against all organisms evaluated. Daptomycin, quinupristin/dalfopristin, and linezolid each demonstrated in vitro activity against this collection of organisms. Future clinical studies to evaluate a potential role for these agents in the management of infections in cancer patients, including the treatment of febrile neutropenia, appear warranted.

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